A conventional lathe is an equipment that can be used to shape workpieces. These machines are generally used to process metals, wood, and plastic. The operation of these machines is quite fast, and they provide a high-quality finish. They can also hold tight tolerances over a large volume of parts.
Lathes can be divided into two main categories, the traditional and the computer numerical control (CNC) lathe. Both machines use the same basic design, but they operate differently. Traditional lathes are controlled by a human operator, while CNC lathes are fully automated.
CNC lathes are designed to be more accurate than traditional ones. They use state-of-the-art motors and encoders to create highly accurate machining patterns. These programs are typically based on CAD/CAM software. They require a single operator to set the feeds and speeds, and they are capable of working on a wide variety of materials.
Conventional engine lathes were originally powered by steam engines, but modern models feature individual motor drives. The machines can be equipped with a variety of centers from 30 inches to 120 inches, and they feature full-length rear splash guards. In addition, many of the models include flood coolant systems.
Modern engine lathes are usually equipped with a Norton-style universal gear box, and they come with a full-length rear splash guard. Ed mill grinder Some of them are even available with infinitely variable-speed versions. While most of these are geared, some models are semi-automatic.
One of the most important differences between conventional and CNC lathes is their feeding system. The former uses a servo-motor to drive the slides, while the latter is primarily a hydraulic chuck that forces the material to revolve with the machine. This allows the user to clamp the workpiece quickly and easily.
A conventional lathe is characterized by a chuck, a headstock, and a spindle. Generally, the workpiece is clamped to the table. It is then turned to cause the cutting action. The machine can turn all types of rotary workpieces. There are various models available, with a range of swings over the bed from 13 inches to 22 inches.
For a more sophisticated machining process, the SC series lathes are available. These lathes have a large spindle bore and a three-speed range from 40 to 2800 rpm. Moreover, these lathes are equipped with an electronically variable spindle drive, allowing for an improved machining performance.
These lathes are typically used in the metalworking industry, but can be useful in other sectors as well. The turret of these lathes can be configured to carry a maximum of 12 tools at a time. Usually, they are also equipped with an automatic measuring system.
In addition, the turret of a conventional lathe is able to perform a variety of operations, such as threading, parting, drilling, and grooving. This makes them perfect for a wide variety of applications. Among other things, the headstock is a key component, as it contains the feed and thread transmission. Also, the tailstock is a quick-connect coupler that enables the tool to be positioned.